Cream; tree. %PDF-1.5 %���� This could mexicanolide limonoids named seneganolide, hydroxyseneganolide and acetoxyseneganolide. Khaya senegalensis is a deciduous evergreen tree, 15-30 m high, up to 1 m in diameter, with a clean bole to 8-16 m, buttresses not prominent or absent; bark dark grey, with small, thin, reddish-tinged scales; slash dark pink to bright crimson, exuding a red sap. The development of clonal propagation could improve plantation establishment, which is currently impeded by mahogany shoot borer. Flower colour; life form. K. senegalensis has evolved in a wet-dry tropical climate in west Africa (600 to Introduction Traditional medicine is the sum total of knowledge, skills and practices based on the theories, believes and experiences related to different cultures that are meant to maintain health It is also planted ornamentally as a roadside and shade tree. The use of KS leaves as a feed substitute has multiple implications. Flowers The Khaya ivorensis saplings tolerate short periods of moderate water deficit; however, this type of study is still limited to K. senegalensis The fruit is an upright, almost spherical, woody capsule, 4-10 cm in diameter. The wood is highly-valued for its beauty and quality, and is often used in furniture and boat building. 19: 249, 1830; Singh et al, Fl. The leaf arrangement is alternate; the leaves themselves are odd- or even-pinnate compound, around 50 - 70cm long, with 3 - 7 pairs of leaflets on each leaf. Khaya senegalensis fruiting branch. in Mem. The Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) Khaya senegalensis A. Juss (Meliaceae) is a popular medicinal plant, widely used in the management of various ailments in the African traditional medi… Adaole & Balogun: Ecotoxicity of K. senegalensis leaves’ extracts 42 sediment contaminated with the aqueous and etha-lonic extracts of Khaya senegalensis leaves and using Chironomus spp. Khaya senegalensis belonging to family Meliaceae. (2)Foliage is suitable as fodder for grazing stock. z����.ܙ�8\���i�� The leaves are used as a fodder for cattle and camels, although they are not very palatable. Mah. This statuesque tree has a large bushy crown, which provides good shade. Seeds are brown, broadly ellipsoid to flat in shape, paper thin and measure 25 x 18 mm, with narrowly-winged margins. The objective of this study to carry out phytochemical screening, determination of chemical composition and determine antioxidant activity of plant extracts. To examine its potential for clonal propagation, the effects of cutting length, leaf area, stockplant maturation, auxin, and smoke solution treatments were investigated. Eight new limonoids, khayseneganins A–H (1–8), and 31 known limonoids were isolated from the leaves and twigs of Khaya senegalensis. Khaya senegalensis and Cassia occidentalis ethanolic leaves extract were evaluated for their effectiveness to suppress wood damage by termite at the Department of Biological Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. Cream; tree. Rastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug), Phellinus noxius (brown tea root disease). According to Nwosu et al. El-Aswad AF, Abdelgaleil SAM, Nakatani M. Feeding deterrant and growth inhibitory properties of limonoids from Khaya senegalensis against the cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis. 0 [2] Khaya senegalensis , also known as "African dry zone mahogany" or mubaba in the Shona language , is also used for its herbaceous parts. K. senegalensis has evolved in a wet-dry tropical climate in west Africa (600 to Native to Africa, Khaya senegalensis or known in various common names such as dry zone Mahogany, African mahogany, Gambia mahogany, khaya wood, and Senegal mahogany among others is a medium-sized tree of about 15 -30 m tall. 19: 249, 1830; Singh et al, Fl. Khaya senegalensis seeds in fruit. Khaya senegalensis leaves, fruits and seeds. (1)Fodder: Young leaves contain fairly large amounts of digestible crude protein. This tree from central and west Africa, has a smooth grey-barked trunk, and it can be distinguished from Swietenia by the different shaped leaves and the smaller globular fruit. Senegal Mahogany (Khaya senegalensis) Family: Meliaceae. Dinoderus porcellus is considered as the most important pest of stored yam chips and compounds extracted from plants can be used for its control. The leaves are used as a fodder for cattle and camels, although they are not very palatable. Microorganism Drug Fraction S. aureus Streptococcus spp. Yoruba and Nupe tribes to treat malaria, jaundice, edema and headache.5 Khaya senegalensis is a tree with shiny foliage up to 25 m or more with exfoliating barks, young branches with dark, grayish-brown lenticels and leaves of 15-60 cm or more. Key words: Khaya senegalensis, wood dust, stain, histology, mordant INTRODUCTION Khaya senegalensis commonly known as African mahogany is a tree belonging to the family Meliaceae. The K. senegalensis species evolved in a tropical wet and dry climate in West Africa (rainfall ranging between 600 to 800 annual mm) and most likely adapts well to semi-arid regions of Brazil. Mah. leaves and flowers of Khaya senegalensis (Meliaceae). �����`.%���S�揑ɭIP�^��⁻^o��׊�K�����G��a�]W#O�Q��7^U�v�n�;c;nW���9���:�7u[��xL�qf�c�-,�^�e���E��ALk��{4nU��_w n��S[V_�"G�������{����E�Z��j���d��eu���[;�{�[���[y�m��ў��o-�W�j�j��S�G�Ӛ�]���;���`��e3���L�,Y���r���X���"��;������-�&�� 5 �pn�g ێa�,E59����(CZk˚�0�:�*�q��\�\!�+��L�8���Z$�^��Δ'? The native eucalypts had twice the maximum leaf hydraulic conductance but a much higher P50 of −1.5 MPa. endstream endobj startxref 1. In vivo activity of stem bark aqueous extract of Khaya senegalensis against Trypanosoma brucei. Ecological region Population (coordinates) Habitat Harvest intensity Protection status Other disturbances; Fire Logging; Sudano-Guinean: Dogue (N9°05′–E1°56′) … Abstract. 84 0 obj <>stream Although other studies revealed that chronic treatment rather induces an increase of these parameters [47]. Antimicrobial efficacy of different extracts of roots, stem-bark and leaves of Khaya Senegalensis against human pathogenic bacteria (zones of inhibition in mm). Khaya senegalensis market under Khaya senegalensis, Burkina Faso. Khaya senegalensis A. Juss (Meliaceae) is a popular medicinal plant, widely used in the management of various ailments in the African traditional medi… To examine its potential for clonal propagation, the effects of cutting length, leaf area, stockplant maturation, auxin, and smoke solution treatments were investigated. The seedling emits over time leaves with longer and longer petioles until it develops a compound leaf. Unlike mahogany, Khaya does not shed leaves periodically. It has pinnate leaves, glabrous with 6 to 12 alternate or opposite elliptical oblong leaflets. Leaves are alternate, compound, stipules absent; leaflets 3-6 (-7) usually opposite pairs, oblong to narrowly oblong-elliptic, 7-12 x 3-5 cm. This study addresses the effects of Khaya senegalensis leaves on performance, carcass traits, hematological and biochemical parameters in growing rabbits. H�lT�N�@}�W�㺊���^��&8�6d[��!$҆h���v�k' !G���9s�����n�q��4� �M⨴���\H�g��,��>ap�PƘ�fa���\���dV‡_�������9���u��AY�����,\iH�5��QÄ��S����+��b:��u���nN�?췻PMb��V�u���竿�>O5V���w��. This plant has been used as traditional medicine for several disease such as pain, inflammation, malaria, anemia, diabetic and gastrointestinal diseases. 17. Its sustainable management through regeneration techniques and assessment of its degree of adaptation to the changing climate is necessary. Khaya senegalensis is a multipurpose African timber species. Khaya senegalensis flowers. Juss., K. grandifoliola C. DC. The dried leaves were pounded … Khaya senegalensis occurs from Mauritania and Senegal east to northern Uganda. nX)�YZ���zM���D��D�S�4ɳy�dr1&�詜���z4�E� i\f:� � �"�� 0�ip�r2}�D��H�������(-A����ͷ(^�J`�RrU�g'� _�����CO� Leaflets are 8 - 17cm long, - 7cm wide. African Journal of Biotechnology 2008;7(5):661-3. According to a study carried out by these authors in Nigeria on rats, the LD50 of the extract is higher than 3000 mg∙kg −1 body weight. Townsville. Table 2. Buttresses not prominent or absent. A.Juss. Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- as seen in photo Inflorescence Type/ Size- as seen in photo Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-as seen in photo Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- not found Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.- no idea This is Khaya senegalensis . It has a bole that is up to 1 metre in diameter, unbranched for 8 - 16 metres, the buttresses are neither prominent nor absent. Keywords: Khaya senegalensis, rabbit, performance, blood parameters, carcass African mahogany is a medium-sized tree which can grow up to 15–30 m in height and 1 m in diameter. grid has 1 cm divisions). Dirk Thies Common name. K. senegalensis exhibited an isohydric behaviour and also had a lower hydraulic vulnerability to cavitation in leaves, with a P50 of -2.3 MPa. Seeds of dry zone mahogany from Upper Guinea (NB. Overexploited for its precious wood and medicinal values, the natural stands of this species are in danger of extinction in Cote d’Ivoire. Bulg. The survey revealed seven plants traditionally used for malaria treatment in Senegal: Azadirachta indica (leaves and stem bark), Khaya senegalensis (stem bark), Anogeissus leiocarpus (stem bark), Ficus gnaphalocarpa (stem bark), I. senegalensis (leaves), Nauclea latifolia (leaves, stem bark and roots), Cassia occidentalis (leaves). Distribution of 12 Khaya senegalensis study populations in two ecological regions of Benin. Native to Africa, Khaya senegalensis or known in various common names such as dry zone Mahogany, African mahogany, Gambia mahogany, khaya wood, and Senegal mahogany among others is a medium-sized tree of about 15 -30 m tall. Probably the wood of Khaya senegalensis is occasionally mixed with the wood of other Khaya spp. E. coli P. aeroginosa Salmonella spp. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Senegal mahogany growing in Upper Guinea. In west Africa, Fulani herdmen prune the tree during the dry season to feed cattle. (2)Foliage is suitable as fodder for grazing stock. African mahogany. The white flowers are sweet-scented; the fruit changes from grey to black when ripening. It is commonly planted within its natural area of distribution, mainly as ornamental and roadside tree, and also outside this area, e.g. Yes it is Khaya senegalensis (Ders.) Campus. Khaya senegalensis has been reported to possess free radical scavenging activity (Lompo et al., 2007). Although other studies revealed that chronic treatment rather induces an increase of these parameters [47]. The results showed that the germination of Khaya senegalensis is hypogeous with almost stalkless pre-leaves. This tree from central and west Africa, has a smooth grey-barked trunk, and it can be distinguished from Swietenia by the different shaped leaves and the smaller globular fruit. It has a straight, robust and cylindrical trunk, with buttresses at the base. Fruit cases opening to release seed Photograph by: Didier Descouens Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0. The ethanolic crude extract of the stem bark of Khaya senegalensis has been reported to possess free radical scavenging activity (Lompo et al., 2007). Khaya senegalensis For 12 weeks, the growth performance (number of leaves, seedling collar diameter and height) and biomass accumulated by roots, stem and leaves of seedlings in each treatment were measured, fortnightly.

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