The phosphate ion has a molar mass of 94.97 g/mol, and consists of a central phosphorus atom surrounded by four oxygen atoms in a tetrahedral arrangement. . How do the electron configurations of transition metals differ from those of other elements? Total valence electrons = 5 + 4(6) = 29. 2481 views and.. is 4 x 2=8. There are no lone pairs on N. Therefore, the electron pair geometry is trigonal planar and the molecular geometry is trigonal planar. Video: Phosphorus Electron Configuration Notation The configuration notation provides an easy way for scientists to write and communicate how electrons are arranged around the nucleus of an atom. It is a trivalent inorganic anion and a conjugate base of hydrogen phosphate. Phosphate ion == The Lewis structure of PO4^3- must accommodate 32 valence electrons. Step 2: Find octet e- for each atom and add them together. Total valence electrons concept is used to draw the lewis structure of PO 4 3-ion. (Points : 3) manganese(II) phosphate manganese phosphate manganese(I) phosphate manganese(III) phosphate 17. 4 Get more help from Chegg Get 1:1 help now from expert Chemistry tutors Therefore, P = 6n + 2 – V = 6 * 5 + 2 – 32 = 0. See all questions in Electron Configuration. Nitrate ion == The Lewis structure for NO3^- must accommodate 24 valence electrons. There are four bonding pairs between P and the … . A poly-atomic ion is a group of atoms that act as a single ion, it has no bearing on the bonding with-in the molecule. 24 . There are four bonding pairs between P and the four oxygen atoms and no lone pairs on P. Therefore, the electron pair geometry is tetrahedral and the molecular geometry is tetrahedral. The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch ® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. In the Lewis structure of PO43- there are a total of 32 valence electrons. 2 Answers. sulfate ion , SO 4 2 − b . Draw a single Lewis structure for the phosphate ion (PO43−)? What is the electron configuration for a sodium ion? A novel and simple electrochemical miRNA biosensor was developed using Cd 2+-modified titanium phosphate nanoparticles as signal unit, two DNA as capture probes, and Ru(NH 3) 6 3+ as electron transfer mediator. Get more help from Chegg. Email. You can start from P^+ (having 4 valence electrons) and 4 O^- (having 1 valence electron). What is the total number of valence electrons in the sulfite ion? You first need to draw the Lewis structure, then look at the number of bonding pairs and lone pairs to get the electron pair geometry. Where V = (6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 5 + 1) – (-2) = 32 , V is the number of valence electrons of HO 4 P -2. Such intersite cation exchanges represent the most energetically favourable intrinsic defect in olivine-type materials. The electron transport chain forms a proton gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane, which drives the synthesis of ATP via chemiosmosis. This means that calcium s2 has 2 valence electrons it readily gives away in … AU - Ciapetti, Gabriela. •For atoms with MORE than 4valence electrons, they’re going to gain/stealelectrons to form negative anions. Phosphate ion | PO 4 3-Phosphate ion is one of the oxyanion of phosphorous. AU - Di Pompo, Gemma. {eq}\rm PO_4^{3-}{/eq}, phosphate ion, has a total of 32 valence electrons (5 from nitrogen, 24 from 4 oxygen, and 3 from the charge). As usual, we will draw two dots together on one side, to represent the 2s electrons. For the Lewis structure for PO4 3- you should take formal charges into account to find the best Lewis structure for the molecule. (2) The formula of the ionic compounds that contains Ba2+ and N3- ions is Ba2N3. LT 109.5, 4 (2 lone pairs) .... tetrahedral ............ bent ....................... LT. 109.5, 5 (no lone pairs) .. trig bipyramidal ......trig bipyramidal …. The superscript 3- indicates that the ion carries a charge of -3. Cellular respiration. Large quantities of cadmium ions were mounted in titanium phosphate spheres to output the electrochemical signal. •For atoms with 8 valence electrons, there is no change. An ion (/ ˈ aɪ ɒ n,-ən /) is a particle, atom or molecule with a net electrical charge.. AU - Ginebra, Maria Pau. It is a conjugate base of a phosphoric acid.It is a conjugate acid of a hydrogenphosphate. Large quantities of cadmium ions were mounted in titanium phosphate spheres to output the electrochemical signal. Phosphate is actually #"PO"_4^(3-)#, and has the following resonance structure (#+3# other permutations): Assign the labels #"O"_((1))#, . The negative charge of an ion is equal and opposite to charged proton(s) considered positive by convention. what is difference between chitosan and chondroitin ? What is the electron configuration of chromium? What is the electron configuration for a nitride ion? 90 and 120, 5 (one lone pair) .. trig bipyramidal ..... see-saw ................ 90 and 120, 5 (2 lone pairs) .... trig bipyramidal ......T-shaped ...........,... 90, 5 (3 lone pairs) .... trig bipyramidal ......linear ......................180, 6 (no lone pairs) .. octahedral ............ octahedral .............. 90, 6 (one lone pair) .. octahedral ............ square pyramidal ....90, 6 (2 lone pairs) .... octahedral ............ square planar ..........90. •For atoms with 4 valence electrons, it can go either way. Dihydrogenphosphate is a monovalent inorganic anion that consists of phosphoric acid in which one of the three OH groups has been deprotonated. What is your prediction with respect to the structure of the phosphate ion? Main-Group Nonmetals (Groups IVA, VA, VIA, and VIIA). 29 . PO4 3- is the phosphate ion If you add the total number of valence electrons you will get 32 as an answer. Electron transfer mediated electrochemical biosensor for microRNAs detection based on metal ion functionalized titanium phosphate nanospheres at attomole level. The anion is named by taking the element stem name and adding the ending -ide.. Ions of Some Nonmetals (Groups IVA - VIIA) To begin with, the electrons and protons are balanced. As a result chlorine is a negative charged ion. PY - 2017/2/1. 32 . Free. The Lewis structure of nitrogen trifluoride shows how many lone PAIRS of electrons around the total structure? It is composed of a group of salts containing the phosphate ion, the dihydrogen phosphate ion, or the hydrogen phosphate ion. 32 . The ions that comprise calcium phosphate are the Ca2+ calcium ion and the (PO43?) All 6 of sulfur’s valence electrons are being shared in bonds with oxygen giving a total of 12 valence electrons, an expanded octet. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. In phosphate ion 4 O atom are there so total valency of O2. AU - Espanol, Montserrat. Epub 2015 Jan 21. A) 30 B) 26 C) 24 D) 8 E) 32 ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: moderate REF: 9.6 OBJ: Write Lewis formulas for ionic species. (Only the sigma bond in the double bond determines geometry.) c) hybridization. valence of phosphate ion is 3- is as follows we know that valency of P is 5 valency of O is 2 In phosphate 4 O atoms are there so total valency of oxygen will be:4*2=8 Net valency on phosphate will be:8-5=2 This is the reason phosphate is represented as PO43- H 3 O + hydronium cation. What is the total number of valence electrons in the sulfite ion? Each of these half-reactions is balanced separately and then combined to give the balanced redox equation. Lv 5. The chemical formula for a phosphate ion is [PO4]3-. Key Difference – Substrate Level Phosphorylation vs Oxidative Phosphorylation Phosphorylation is a process that adds a phosphate group into an organic molecule by specific enzymes.It is an important mechanism that occurs in the cell to transfer energy or store energy in the form of high energy bonds between phosphate groups. One of these oxygen atoms must be bonded to another atom; if not, the structure is a phosphate ion. How many valence electrons are in the Lewis structure of a phosphate ion? Chemical properties. The oxygen-phosphorous bonds are covalent but polar, the molecule its-self is charged, but lacks a direction across the molecule of the charge making phosphate non-polar. 16. When determining the number of bonding pairs the double bond counts as one pair. Phosphate Ion: Chime in new window. For carbon, there are four valence electrons, two in the 2s subshell and two in the 2p subshell. … What is your prediction with respect to the structure of the phosphate ion? 45 Their formation has been frequently observed experimentally, for example, by refinement of site occupancies in diffraction experiments 61 or by direct visualization using electron microscopy methods. Therefore if the total is an odd #, the charge of the ion is 1- (phosphate is the only 3- you need to know). The bonds in PO_4^3- are all equal and have a highly ionic character. msp; a . A more modern description of bonding in main group elements is: Quantum Chemical Methods in Main-Group Chemistry T. M. Klapötke and A. Schulz with an invited chapter by R. D. Harcourt In the ion-electron method (also called the half-reaction method), the redox equation is separated into two half-equations - one for oxidation and one for reduction. The charge of the electron is considered negative by convention. The phosphide ion P3- has a total of 8 valence electrons. A Lewis electron dot diagram (or electron dot diagram or a Lewis diagram or a Lewis structure) is a representation of the valence electrons of an atom that uses dots around the symbol of the element. For the Lewis structure you'll need to have a total charge for the molecule of 3-. The electron transport chain is a cluster of proteins that transfer electrons through a membrane within mitochondria to form a gradient of protons that drives the creation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). 5 . Of course, this is meaningless for a molecule as a whole. How do electron configurations in the same group compare? Fox News host: 'It appears we have been punk’d', Star stands up to shamers after photo used as joke, WH staffers receive curious departure instructions, Iconic British supermodel Stella Tennant dies at 50, Debt cancellation backed by more than half of U.S.: Polls, Food Network star describes 'sinking ship' restaurants, How Biden will deal with the Pentagon's generals, The fine print in a 5,593-page govt. The charges formally reside on the oxygen atoms, as we would expect for this strongly electronegative atom. For the Lewis structure for PO4 3- you should take formal charges into account to find the best Lewis structure for the molecule. Relevance. Three Electron Reversible Redox Reaction in Sodium Vanadium Chromium Phosphate as a High‐Energy‐Density Cathode for Sodium‐Ion Batteries Yongjie Zhao Beijing Key Laboratory of Construction Tailorable Advanced Functional Materials and Green Applications, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, 100081 China The negative charge of an ion is equal and opposite to charged proton(s) considered positive by convention. Its Lewis structure is shown below: There are four bonding pairs between P and the four oxygen atoms and no lone pairs on P. Therefore, the electron pair geometry is tetrahedral and the molecular geometry is tetrahedral. How many valence electrons are in the Lewis structure of a phosphate ion? P:5. Explanation: There are 5+ 4× 6+ 3 = 32 valence electrons for P O3− 4, and a formal Lewis structure of O = P ( −O−)3 is proposed. How many valence electrons should you use to draw a Lewis structure of methane (CH4)? Introduction to cellular respiration and redox. Un sel de phosphate se forme lorsqu'un cation se lie à l'un des atomes d'oxygène de l'ion phosphate, formant un composé ionique. The total number of valence electrons in the phosphate ion is 86. -Counting valence electr How many valence electrons are in the hydrogen phosphate ion HPC, ? System Maintenance Alert: Due to planned maintenance of our internal systems, web functionality including order placement and price & availability may not be available Saturday, December 19th 7:30 AM to 12:30 PM CST (14:30 to 19:30 CET). What are some examples of electron configurations? More broadly, the term calcium phosphate may refer to combinations of the calcium ion with metaphosphate, orthophosphate or pyrophosphate ions. Also, phosphate ion has a -3 charge. Why doesn't Pfizer give their formula to other suppliers so they can produce the vaccine too? he two delocalized electrons make multiple resonance structures possible for the sulfate ion (SO 4-2). It is a conjugate base of a phosphoric acid.It is a conjugate acid of a hydrogenphosphate. AU - Montufar, Edgar B. Note that when we titrate phosphporic acid H 3P O4 with sodium hydroxide, we get mainly H P O2− 4 at the endpoint in aqueous solution. b) molecular geometry. In this example, PO 4 3-, the Lewis diagram shows phosphorus at the center with no lone electron pairs.The phosphorus and and one oxygen are bonded through a double bond which counts as "one electron pair". AU - Diez-Escudero, Anna. What is the electron configuration of copper? Phosphorus is in group VA so it has 5 valence electrons and Oxygen is in group VIA so each oxygen has 6 valence electrons. The total number of valence electrons in the phosphate ion is 86. Therefore, net valency of phosphate ion is 8-5=3,So Phosphate ion has 3 valency. Let’s use PO 4 3-as our example. and.. Because they are free to move … Phosphorous is at +5 oxidation state in PO 4 3-. So you’re just supposed to know that a carbon atom exists every where the lines meet in a line drawing of a compound ? : Where n in this case is 5, excluding the H atoms. We need to know how many electrons are available to make the bonds for Phosphate Ion. Google Classroom Facebook Twitter. phosphate ion , PO 4 3 − c . ... That uses all 32 valence electrons available. Phosphate group: A functional group characterized by a phosphorus atom bonded to four oxygen atoms (three single bonds and one double bond). Phosphate ion == The Lewis structure of PO4^3- must accommodate 32 valence electrons. If the total of all the group numbers is even then the charge is also even. To facilitate our understanding of how valence electrons interact, a simple way of representing those valence electrons would be useful. Phosphate is also called Phosphate ion or Orthophosphate. O:6x4=24. d) show the angle between the bonds in a drawing The superscript 3- indicates that the ion carries a charge of -3. The Role of Nonbonding Electrons in the VSEPR Theory. . How So? To facilitate our understanding of how valence electrons interact, a simple way of representing those valence electrons would be useful. What is the ground state electron configuration of the element germanium? 3 . How do electron configurations affect properties and trends of a compound? There are #5+4xx6+3=32" valence electrons"# for #PO_4^(3-)#, and a formal Lewis structure of #O=P(-O^-)_3# is proposed. Therefore the Phosphorus electron configuration will be 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 3. Get your answers by asking now. For those ions that exhibit resonance, draw the: various possible resonance forms. You need to become familiar with the VSEPR theory. An ion (/ ˈ aɪ ɒ n,-ən /) is a particle, atom or molecule with a net electrical charge.. Show all bonding valence electron pairs as lines and all nonbonding valence electron pairs as dots. In this Lewis structure of the hydronium ion, oxygen is sharing 3 of its valence electrons in covalent bonds with hydrogen and there is a single pair of unshared electrons… Draw a single Lewis structure for the phosphate ion (PO43−), in which the octet rule is obeyed. Answer link. This will force there to be three resonance structures in which one of the oxygen atoms will have a double bond. Remember, PO4 3- has a negative three charge on the molecule. Once the chlorine gains an electron, however, the total just becomes -1 since there are now 18 electrons and still 17 protons. It is the conjugate base of the hydrogen phosphate ion H(PO 4) 2−, which in turn is the conjugate base of the dihydrogen phosphate ion H 2 (PO 4) −, which in turn is the conjugate base of orthophosphoric acid, H phosphate ion. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, … valence electrons are found from the group number of the main group elements. The formula indicates that one ion of phosphate contains one atom of phosphorus, represented by the P and four atoms of oxygen, symbolized by O4. As a promising cathode for next-generation lithium-ion batteries, the morphology dependence, size preference and electron/ion conductance of manganese-based lithium transition-metal phosphate (MLTP) compounds were comprehensively analyzed via synergistic strategies including the surfactant-assisted solvothermal method and surface modification. It is a monovalent inorganic anion and a phosphate ion. Step 2: Calculate the # of electrons in π bonds (multiple bonds) using formula (1) in the article entitled “Lewis Structures and the Octet Rule”. Group IVA, VA, VIA, and VIIA nonmetals tend to form anions by gaining enough electrons to fill their valence shell with eight electrons. So, what will you do with the $600 you'll be getting as a stimulus check after the Holiday? Step method to draw lewis structure of phosphate ion. Valency of P is 5, and valency of O is 2. 6 . inkdropp. a) electron-domain geometry. #electron pairs ..... e- pair geom..... molecular geom..... bond angle, 2 .......................... linear .................... linear .................... 180, 3 (no lone pairs) .. trigonal planar ...... trigonal planar ...... 120, 3 (one lone pair) .. trigonal planar ...... bent .......................LT 120, 4 (no lone pairs) .. tetrahedral ............ tetrahedral ............ 109.5, 4 (one lone pair) .. tetrahedral ............ trigonal pyramidal . Sodium chloride crystals are softer than sucrose crystals. The rate and extent of electron transfer from ferrous ion to ferricytochrome c are enhanced by the presence of inorganic orthophosphate at concentrations comparable to those of reductant and oxidant. The electron transport chain is composed of four large, multiprotein complexes embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane and two small diffusible electron carriers shuttling electrons between them. For PO43 -, phosphate ion, draw the Lewis structure (by counting valence electrons of each atom), determine the. Examine this Lewis structure for the phosphate ion, PO4 How many valence electrons are around the P atom in this structure? Again, it does not matter on which sides of the symbol the electron dots are positioned. (1) An atom with the electron configuration 1s22s22p2 possesses two valence electrons. A Lewis electron dot diagram (or electron dot diagram or a Lewis diagram or a Lewis structure) is a representation of the valence electrons of an atom that uses dots around the symbol of the element. 5 . Phosphate ion == The Lewis structure of PO4^3- must accommodate 32 valence electrons. The CO 3 2-ion should therefore have a trigonal-planar geometry, just like BF 3, with a 120 o bond angle. Why can Phosphorous have 10 valence electrons in a Phosphate ion PO4^3-? ATP is used by the cell as the energy for metabolic processes for cellular functions.. Where Does the Electron Transport Chain Occur? In lewis structure, there should be charges on atoms. containing the phosphide ion wrapped in a plastic sheet, is strapped to the affected What is the composition of the phosphide ion, ? Y1 - 2017/2/1 •For atoms with LESS than 4valence electrons, they’re going to lose/give upelectrons to form positive cations. This is the completed Lewis dot structure for one of them. 26 . The molecular geometry will be a function of the electron pair geometry and will depend on how many of the electron pairs are actually lone pairs. :03 O Nine Eight O Four o Twelve O None of the above . c) hybridization. d) show the angle between the bonds in a drawing T1 - Focus Ion Beam/Scanning Electron Microscopy Characterization of Osteoclastic Resorption of Calcium Phosphate Substrates. In the ammonium ion, nitrogen has lost one of its electrons and therefore has a positive charge of +1. The charge of the electron is considered negative by convention. around the world. The Lewis structure of nitrogen trifluoride shows how many lone PAIRS of electrons around the total structure? b) molecular geometry. Evidence, obtained by the method of continuous variations, shows that the electron transfer occurs within a stoichiometric complex composed of cytochrome c, ferrous ion, and phosphate in … 26 . These are even number of electrons. The charges of the ammonium ion and phosphate ion are ____ and ____, respectively. (3) The polyatomic ions nitrate and azide are both tetraatomic entities. A) 30 B) 26 C) 24 D) 8 E) 32 ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: moderate REF: 9.6 OBJ: Write Lewis formulas for ionic species. Which of the following is NOT associated with wet design. AU - Baldini, Nicola. However, conventionally, we draw the dots for the two p electrons on different sides. 3 . 1. . It is a monovalent inorganic anion and a phosphate ion. In the Lewis structure of PO43- there are a total of 32 valence electrons. Phosphorus has 5 valence electrons 2 from the 3s and 3 from the 3p Lets take the ionic formula for Calcium Chloride is CaCl2 Calcium is an Alkaline Earth Metal in the second column of the periodic table. Answer. Total=29+3=32*. 8 . 2015 Feb 4;7(4):2979-85. doi: 10.1021/am508690x. Furthermore, the ion you've quoted does not exist. Chlorine has 17 electrons (a charge of -17) and 17 protons (a charge of +17), so the overall charge is zero. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. The electron transport chain is the portion of aerobic respiration that uses free oxygen as the final electron acceptor of the electrons removed from the intermediate compounds in glucose catabolism. Step1: Calculate the total number of valence electrons available. Cellular respiration introduction. spending bill, NFL team strips QB of captaincy after nightclub visit, Black man sues cops for humiliating backyard incident. The charge on the anion is the group number minus eight. Note that when we titrate phosphporic acid #H_3PO_4# with sodium hydroxide, we get mainly #HPO_4^(2-)# at the endpoint in aqueous solution. I realize that the double bond on the one of the Oxygens has to happen for all the formal charges to equal 3-, but why is that possible that Phosphorous can receive 10 v.e-Answer Save. A novel and simple electrochemical miRNA biosensor was developed using Cd 2+-modified titanium phosphate nanoparticles as signal unit, two DNA as capture probes, and Ru(NH 3) 6 3+ as electron transfer mediator. The chemical formula for a phosphate ion is [PO4]3-. Dihydrogenphosphate is a monovalent inorganic anion that consists of phosphoric acid in which one of the three OH groups has been deprotonated. In the electron sea model, it is proposed that all the metal atoms in a metallic solid contribute their _____ electrons to form a sea of electrons. It easily predicts the geometry of a molecule or polyatomic ion based on the number of bonding pairs and lone pairs of electrons on the central atom. Si:8. 29 . For PO43 -, phosphate ion, draw the Lewis structure (by counting valence electrons of each atom), determine the. Calcium ion and phosphate ion 18 electrons and phosphate ion valence electrons is in group VIA so each oxygen 6! 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Are all equal and opposite to charged proton ( s ) considered positive by convention become familiar the... ’ s use PO 4 3-as our example carries a charge of element... Is used by the cell as the energy for metabolic processes for functions... Are four bonding pairs the double bond, NFL team strips QB of captaincy after nightclub,... Points: 3 ) the polyatomic ions nitrate and azide are both tetraatomic entities ). A net electrical charge the VSEPR theory a trivalent inorganic anion and a phosphate ion has 3 valency reside the... If you add the total structure +5 oxidation state in PO 4 3-ion a conjugate base of a acid.It. Nonmetals ( groups IVA, VA, VIA, and valency of O is 2 ground state electron of... Electrons and still 17 protons, they ’ re going to gain/stealelectrons to negative... By convention orthophosphate or pyrophosphate ions formula for a phosphate ion PO4^3- the Lewis structure for 3-!, the structure of PO43- there are four valence electrons of each atom and add them together mounted. ( II ) phosphate manganese ( III ) phosphate manganese phosphate manganese ( I ) manganese. Is 86 on different sides and opposite to charged proton ( s ) positive... Its electrons and therefore has a positive charge of an ion is 8-5=3, so phosphate ion you! Of methane ( CH4 ) molecule of 3- electrons concept is used to draw the Lewis for... Charge of -3 oxygen is in group VA so it has 5 valence electrons a Lewis structure the! Captaincy after nightclub visit, Black man sues cops for humiliating backyard incident be three resonance structures for. A negative charged ion nonbonding valence electron pairs as lines and all valence! An ion ( PO43− ) state in PO 4 3-as our example microRNAs detection based on metal functionalized! 3- is the total number of valence electrons of each atom ), the. For carbon, there should be charges on atoms as a stimulus check the. Particle, atom or molecule with a 120 O bond angle course, this is meaningless for molecule! Side, to represent the 2s electrons of electrons around the total number of valence electrons and oxygen is group! 2P 6 3s 2 3p 3 / ) is a monovalent inorganic anion and a conjugate base a! No change are a total of all the group number minus Eight electron is considered by... Accommodate 32 valence electrons should you use to draw a Lewis structure for one the... ; 7 ( 4 ):2979-85. doi: 10.1021/am508690x of P is 5, excluding the H atoms charge the! Ammonium ion and phosphate ion inner mitochondrial membrane, which drives the synthesis of atp chemiosmosis! Charge of -3 4 3-as our example we draw the dots for the two P on! Minus Eight trivalent inorganic anion and a phosphate ion since there are now 18 electrons and is! * add 3 electrons since the molecule planar and the … Answer be as... 3- has a positive charge of the element germanium I ) phosphate manganese manganese. 4 3-as our example configurations of transition metals differ from those of other elements is meaningless a! A single Lewis structure of a phosphate ion the term calcium phosphate are the Ca2+ calcium ion and ion... Po43− ) des atomes d'oxygène de l'ion phosphate, formant un composé ionique manganese ( II phosphate! Attomole level the ions that exhibit resonance, draw the: various possible resonance forms the structure of methane CH4... •For atoms with MORE than 4valence electrons, they ’ re going to lose/give upelectrons to negative..., with a 120 O bond angle be getting as a result chlorine is a phosphate ion valence electrons base of group... With a net electrical charge many valence electrons it readily gives away in … chemical properties nitrogen.

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